..... Our Inspirations .....

Sri Ramakrishna

Read More Read in Hindi

Sri Maa Sarada Devi

Read More Read in Hindi

Swami Vivekananda

Read More Read in Hindi

.... Sri Ramakrishna ....

Sri Ramakrishna

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (1836-1886) was born in the village of Kamarpukur in West Bengal. Born to pious parents, Gadadhar Chattopadhyaya (as he was named) grew up in the idyllic village settings, surrounded by loving family and friends. He was a cheerful boy with a natural tendency to inspire love and attraction from anyone who met him. He soon endeared himself to the simple villagers of Kamarpukur with his story-telling, singing, dramatics, clay-modeling etc. His formal schooling was limited to the Bengali alphabet, but his education came from his keen insight into the understanding of the ways of the people around him. Early in his teens, he resolved not to waste time on the so-called 'bread-winning education'. Instead his discriminating mind chose the way of self-surrender to the family deity, Raghuvir. He had already chosen to lead a life free from sense enjoyments which he somehow fathomed to be ephemeral, even at that young age.

Entering his 17th year, Gadadhar moved to Calcutta to aid his elder brother, Ramkumar. Soon Gadadhar became the priest of the Kali temple at Dakshineshwar, built by Rani Rasmani on the banks of the Ganges. His dormant spiritual fervour was awakened and he soon dived deep into spiritual practices. His intense sadhana led him to the vision of the Goddess Kali, to whom he stayed as a simple son for the rest of his life.

Not satisfied with his vision of the Mother of the Universe, Sri Ramakrishna soon sought out ways to realize God in different bhavas (moods) such as the mood of a handmaid of God, a servant of the Lord, etc. With his powerful power of concentration, he was able to reach the apex of all these spiritual paths. His experiments continued with his exploration of Advaita Vedanta, Islam and finally with the experience of his spiritual union with Jesus Christ. Drawing from his own strivings, Sri Ramakrishna made a solemn statement: "Jotho mat, tatho path" (As many faiths, so many paths). He was married to Sarada Devi, who grew up to be his spiritual consort. Their pure family life, devoid of any physical relations, continues to inspire thousands of householders. As time passed, she went on to be the support of the fledgling Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission.

Many devotees were drawn by his sweet, unfailing words. Many householders lay bare their aching hearts and the soothing words of the Master acted as a balm. He constantly urged them to condemn 'Kamini-Kanchana' (as in lust and money) and to divert one's attention completely to God realization as the only aim of human life. His lively parables and teachings enlivened and illustrated the sublime thoughts enshrined in the hoary Hindu scriptures. Many pure young men such as Narendranath Dutta and Rakhal Ghosh cast themselves in his service and soon were transformed into spiritual giants such as Swamis Vivekananda and Brahmananda.

The intensity of his spiritual life and untiring spiritual ministration to the endless stream of seekers told on Sri Ramakrishna's health. He developed cancer of the throat in 1885. He was shifted to a spacious suburban villa where his young disciples nursed him day and night. He instilled in them love for one another, and thus laid the foundation for the future monastic brotherhood known as Ramakrishna Math. In the small hours of 16 August 1886 Sri Ramakrishna gave up his physical body, uttering the name of the Divine Mother, and passed into Eternity.

His words of wisdom were recorded by a devotee and later published as the 'Kathamrita' or 'The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna'. The words of Sri Ramakrishna were in simple Bengali, but disguise the loftiest teachings of religion. People of all walks of life find solace in the Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna according to their individual capacities.


  • You see many stars at night in the sky but find them not when the sun rises; can you say that there are no stars in the heaven of day? So, O man, because you behold not God in the days of your ignorance, say not that there is no God.
  • God is formless and God is with form too, and He is that which transcends both form and formlessness. He alone can say what else He is.
  • God is one, but many are His aspects. As one master of the house appears in various aspects, being father to one, brother to another, and husband to a third, so one God is described and called in various ways according to the particular aspects in which He appears to His particular worshipper.
  • He is born to no purpose who, having the rare privilege of being born a man, is unable to realize God in this life.
  • A boat may stay in water, but water should not stay in the boat. An aspirant may live in the world but the world should not live in him.
  • A truly religious man should think that other religions also are paths leading to truth. We should always maintain an attitude of respect towards other religions.
  • Remain always strong and steadfast in your own faith, but eschew all bigotry and in-tolerance.
  • That knowledge which purifies the intellect is the true knowledge, everything else is non-knowledge.

For more information, visit: http://www.belurmath.org/sriramakrishna.htm

श्री रामकृष्ण देव

श्रीरामकृष्ण परमहंस का जन्म 18 फरवरी 1836 ई. को कामारपुकुर ग्राम में एक निर्धन धर्मपरायण ब्राह्मण परिवार में हुआ था । कामारपुकुर ग्राम कोलकाता के उत्तर-पश्चिम में साठ मील की दूरी पर है । उनके पिता का नाम खुदीराम चट्टोपाध्याय एवं माता का नाम चन्द्रमणि देवी था । बचपन से ही श्रीरामकृष्ण में ईश्वर के प्रति भक्ति थी । वे आध्यात्मिक अभिरुचि सम्पन्न बालक थे । वे सांसारिक कार्यों से विरक्त थे । अतः वे विद्यालयीन शिक्षा का प्रारम्भिक ज्ञान ही प्राप्त कर सके । उन्नीस वर्ष की आयु में वे कलकत्ता के दक्षिणेश्वर में नये स्थापित काली मन्दिर में पुजारी के रूप में नियुक्त हुए । उस समय से लेकर अगले ग्यारह वर्षों तक वे हिन्दू धर्म के विभिन्न आध्यात्मिक सम्प्रदायों की साधनाओं में निमग्न रहें ।

इन सम्प्रदायों के उच्चतम लक्ष्य अद्वैत-अनुभूति को प्राप्त करके उनकी साधना की धारा इस्लाम तथा ईसाई धर्म की ओर मुड़ी । ये मार्ग भी अन्ततः उन्हें उसी अन्तिम सत्य की ओर ले गये, जिसका बोध उन्होंने हिन्दू मतावलम्बियों के आध्यात्मिक मार्गों द्वारा पूर्व में ही कर लिया था । इन समस्त अनुभवों के द्वारा श्रीरामकृष्ण यथार्थ ज्ञान एवं धार्मिक जीवन के विषय में निम्न निष्कर्ष पर पहुँचे –

  • ईश्वरानुभूति ही मानव जीवन का चरम लक्ष्य है, क्योंकि एकमात्र इसीसे मनुष्य के जीवन में परम आनन्द एवं शान्ति आती है ।
  • ईश्वर एक हैं – साकार अथवा निराकार तथा विभिन्न धर्मों में विभिन्न नामों से जाने जाते हैं।
  • संसार के धर्मों में बताए गए विभिन्न मार्गों से ईश्वरानुभूति की जा सकती है ।
  • सभी धर्म सत्य हैं, क्योंकि वे सभी अन्तिम सत्य की अनुभूति की ओर ले जाते हैं ।
  • सभी धर्म सत्य हैं, क्योंकि वे सभी अन्तिम सत्य की अनुभूति की ओर ले जाते हैं ।
  • ईश्वरानुभूति के लिए मन की पवित्रता प्रथम शर्त है, परन्तु दैवी कृपा से घोर पापी भी मुक्त हो सकता है ।
  • ईश्वर में विश्वास के द्वारा व्यक्ति को जीवन में अवसाद के स्थान पर सकारात्मक दृष्टिकोण अपनाना चाहिए ।
  • ईश्वर सभी मनुष्यों में परमात्मा के रूप में विराजमान हैं । अतः सभी लोगों के साथ सम्मानपूर्वक व्यवहार करना चाहिये ।

यद्यपि श्रीरामकृष्ण संन्यास में दीक्षित एक संन्यासी थे, तथापि वे एक सामान्य व्यक्ति की भाँति काली मन्दिर के प्रांगण में एक कक्ष में रहते थे । उनकी पवित्रता की ख्याति फैलने लगी तथा उनके शिष्य, जो कोलकाता के अधिकतर मध्यवर्गीय शिक्षित परिवारों से थे, उनके समीप आने लगे । उन्होंने अपने कुछ युवा शिष्यों को संन्यासी बनने के लिए प्रशिक्षित किया । उनमें स्वामी विवेकानन्द अग्रणी थे । श्री रामकृष्ण ने पचास वर्ष की आयु में 16 अगस्त 1886 को देह त्याग दिया ।

.... Sri Sarada Devi ....

Sri Sarada Devi

The affectionate term “Holy Mother” refers to Sri Sarada Devi. Sarada Devi was born on 22 December 1853 in the little village of Jayrambati in the district of Bankura in West Bengal. Her parents, Ramachandra Mukhopadhyaya and Shyama-sundari, were orthodox Brahmins. They were poor but generous and utterly simple.

Sarada Devi was married to Sri Ramakrishna at the tender age of 5. She joined her husband at the Kali temple of Dakshineshwar when she was 18 years of age. With inborn purity, she immediately recognized the divine nature of her husband and was inspired to lead a spiritual life herself. Rejecting the known relationship of husband and wife, they led the pure life of a teacher and a pupil. As for Sri Ramakrishna, he viewed her as the Divine Mother Herself and offered his spiritual fruits to her in the celebrated Shodashi Puja.

Her spiritual Sadhana is relatively less known. On rare occasions, her inborn shyness was breached and she divulged the few bits of information that we do know about her spiritual attainments. We have to rely on her companions and disciples as sources of information who attest to her spiritual heights.

After the Mahasamadhi of Sri Ramakrishna, it was her guiding hand that steadied the rocky nature of a fledgling organization. Her practical wisdom coupled with inherent motherly care guided many of the decisions taken by the direct disciples of Sri Ramakrishna.

Her innate spirituality was sought by many people and she initiated many people with the divine names of God. Her ways of initiating people were very simple, a reflection of her own simplicity. Her initiation of a porter on the railway platform itself reveals her informal, motherly way. Sri Sarada Devi, as a spiritual aspirant, wife and mother is the role-model for the woman of our times.

Under the strain of constant physical work and self-denial and repeated attacks of malaria, her health deteriorated in the closing years of her life, and she left the mortal world on 21 July 1920.With her loving heart, she immediately appeals to everyone as their very mother, earning for herself the epithet, Holy Mother. Her words "Always remember that you have a mother" rings in the ears of every devotee.

Swami Vivekananda had said about the Holy Mother, ‘None of you has understood Mother. Her grace upon me is one hundred thousand times greater than that of the Master…. About Mother I am a little fanatic. I can do anything if she gives the order. I shall give a sigh of relief when you purchase a piece of land and instal this living Durga there.’


  • I am the mother of the wicked as I am the mother of the virtuous. Whenever you are in distress, just say to yourself, ‘I have a mother.’
  • Many are known to do great works under the stress of some strong emotion. But one’s true nature is known from the manner in which one does one’s insignificant daily task.
  • Suppose one of my children has smeared himself with dirt. It is I, and no one else, who shall have to wash him clean and take him in my arms. To make mistake is man’s very nature; but few of those who criticize know how to correct them.
  • Do not fear, my child. Always remember that the Master is behind you. I am also with you. As long as you remember me, your mother, why should you be frightened? The Master said to me, ‘In the end I shall certainly liberate those who come to you.’
  • If you want peace of mind do not look into other’s faults. Rather look into you own. Learn to make the whole world your own. No one is a stranger, my child. The whole world is your own.
  • The less you become attached to the world the more you enjoy peace of mind.
  • One never finds Him without love and devotion.
  • One who has a pure mind, considers everyone pure.

For more information, visit: http://www.belurmath.org/srisaradadevi.htm

श्री सारदा देवी

जब श्रीरामकृष्ण तेइस वर्ष की आयु में अपनी घोर आध्यात्मिक साधनाओं में डूबे थे, तब उनका ध्यान सांसारिक विषयों में लगाने हेतु कामारपुकुर के उनके आत्मीयजनों ने उनका विवाह समीपवर्ती गाँव जयरामबाटी की कन्या सारदा देवी से सम्पन्न करा दिया । सारदा देवी का जन्म एक धार्मिक दम्पती रामचन्द्र मुखर्जी एवं श्यामासुन्दरी देवी की प्रथम संतान के रूप में 22 दिसम्बर 1853 ई. को हुआ था । यह परिवार अत्यन्त निर्धन था तथा बाल्यावस्था से ही सारदा अपने माता-पिता के अनेक घरेलू कार्योँ में तथा अपने छोटे भाइयों की देखरेख में उनकी सहायता करती थी । उन्होंने नियमित विद्यालयीन शिक्षा नहीं पायी थी एवं कठिनाई से कुछ पढ़ पाती थीं ।

18 वर्ष की आयु में वे अपने पिता के साथ सम्पूर्ण मार्ग पैदल चलकर दक्षिणेश्वर अपने पति से मिलने गयीं । श्रीरामकृष्ण ने उन्हें बड़े प्रेमपूर्वक अपनाया एवं उन्हें यह सिखाया कि किस प्रकार गृहस्थी के कर्तव्यों का पालन करते हुए आध्यात्मिक जीवन बिताया जा सकता है । दोनों ने अत्यन्त पवित्र जीवन व्यतीत किया । सारदा देवी दक्षिणेश्वर में श्रीरामकृष्ण की पत्नी एंव शिष्या के रूप में उनकी सेवा करते एक पवित्र संन्यासिनी की भाँति रहा करती थीं । स्वयं श्रीरामकृष्ण जो ईश्वर की पूजा जगन्माता के रूप में करते थे, सारदा देवी को साक्षात् जगदम्बा का रूप समझ कर उनसे वैसा ही व्यवहार करते थे । एक बार उन्होंने शास्त्रोक्त विधि-विधान से जगज्जननी के रूप में उनकी पूजा कर उनमें दैवी मातृशक्ति को जागृत किया ।

जब श्रीरामकृष्ण के समीप शिष्यगण एकत्र होने लगे, तब सारदा देवी ने अपनी सन्तान के समान उनसे व्यवहार करना सीखा । श्रीरामकृष्ण की महासमाधि के पश्चात् वे उनके शिष्यों के लिए सबको जोड़ने वाली आश्रयस्थल हो गयीं तथा उन शिष्यों के द्वारा साक्षात् जगदम्बा रूप में पूजित एवं प्रतिष्ठित हुईं । समय के साथ वे स्वयं एक महान गुरु बनीं तथा शिष्यगण उनके पास एकत्र होने लगे । उनका मातृहृदय विस्तारित होकर विश्व-जननी के दैवीय चैतन्यमय प्रकाश से परिपूर्ण हो गया तथा सम्पूर्ण जगत को सन्तान के रूप में अपना बना लिया । मानवता के सम्पूर्ण इतिहास में पहली बार ऐसा हुआ कि किसी अनपढ़ ग्रामीण महिला ने विश्व के सभी लोगों को अपनी संतान के रूप में देखा तथा सबकी माँ के रूप में आराध्य हुईं ।

उनकी निर्मल पवित्रता, असाधारण सहिष्णुता, निस्वार्थ सेवा, अहैतुक प्रेम, ज्ञान एवं आध्यात्मिक आभा के कारण स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने श्रीसारदा देवी को आधुनिक युग की नारियों का आदर्श माना । स्वामीजी इतिहास के सम्यक ज्ञान के द्वारा यह जानते थे कि शताब्दियों से नारी की उपेक्षा ही भारत के पतनावस्था का एक प्रमुख कारण है । दूसरा कारण है – सामान्य लोगों की उपेक्षा । उनका विश्वास था कि श्रीमाँ सारदा देवी के आविभार्व से इस युग में नारियों का आध्यात्मिक जागरण प्रारम्भ हो चुका है तथा यह भविष्य में मानवता के उत्थान में दूरगामी प्रभाव डालेगा ।

श्रीमाँ ने अपने जीवन का कुछ भाग जयरामबाटी ग्राम में तथा कुछ भाग कोलकाता में व्यतीत किया थे, जहाँ श्रीरामकृष्ण के शिष्यों ने उनके लिए एक निवास की व्यवस्था की थी । इन दोनों स्थानों पर उन्होंने स्वयं सभी गृहकार्य अन्तिम समय तक निभाए । 21 जुलाई 1920 ई. को उन्होंने देह त्याग दिया ।

स्वामीजी श्रीमाँ को केन्द्र में रखकर महिलाओं के लिए रामकृष्ण मठ की भाँति एक और स्वतन्त्र संन्यासी मठ की स्थापना करना चाहते थे । उनकी यह इच्छा श्रीमाँ के जन्म शताब्दी वर्ष 1953 ई. में उस समय पूरी हुई, जब सात महिलाओं को बेलूड़ मठ में ब्रह्चर्य दीक्षा दी गयी । वर्ष 1959 ई. में आठ ब्रह्मचारिणियों को संन्यास दीक्षा दी गई । दक्षिणेश्वर में काली मन्दिर के समीप श्री सारदा मठ के नाम से महिलाओं के लिये एक संन्यासी संघ का प्रारम्भ हुआ। 1959 ई. में यह पूर्णरूपेण रामकृष्ण मठ से अलग हुआ एवं उसी समय से स्वतन्त्र रूप से कार्य कर रहा है । इसकी दूसरी संस्था को रामकृष्ण सारदा मिशन के नाम से 1960 ई. में स्थापित किया गया । संन्यासिनियों की ये दोनों संस्थाएँ विद्यालय, चिकित्सालय एवं अन्य सेवाएँ – रामकृष्ण मठ एवं मिशन की भाँति संचालित करती हैं ।

.... Swami Vivekananda ....

Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda was born on January 12th, 1863. This day is celebrated all over India as 'National Youth Day' in remembrance of the dynamic message of Swamiji to the youth of India. Born in a well-to-do family, he was well-schooled in the best schools of his day. His sharp intellect coupled with his prodigious memory stood him in good stead throughout his life. An excellent athlete, Narendranath Dutta, as he was called,was a born leader and commanded respect of his peers, right from his childhood. His melodious voice was soul-entralling and would often immerse Sri Ramakrishna in Samadhi.

Naren, as he was fondly known amongst his relatives and friends, grew up to be an idealistic teenager with profound leadership skills and a broad-minded, liberal heart. His schooling in Western Philosophy seemed to alienate his roots in Indian spirituality and these ideological differences created a fierce tug-of-war in his mind. During the same time, Brahmo Samaj, the organization founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, was then firing up the youth of Bengal under the leadership of Keshab Chandra Sen and Devendranath Tagore. Rejecting and questioning the roots of the modes of devotional worship and existing social conditions of then Bengal, the Brahmo Samaj was weaning many youth from all walks of life. Naren, like the rest of the youth, easily fit into the revolutionary ideas of the Brahmo Samaj. He temporarily found some satisfaction on the intellectual levels that this new-found association was based on. But his drive to find God and actually know whether God could be intimately known soon found him knocking at the doors of renowned Bengal leaders. None could satisfy him and some one suggested him to visit the sage of Dakshineshwar, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa.

Naren met Sri Ramakrishna at Dakshineshwar and the famous incidents regarding these meetings, a conversation between the new and old schools, has been described in many books. Despite his initial reservations, Naren found himself visiting the Saint, despite himself. A deep bond of love which surpassed all relationships was established between the Guru and the disciple. Sri Ramakrishna could fathom the potential of the young man and slowly, but surely, he led Naren on the steep and difficult paths of Sadhana. Under Sri Ramakrishna, Naren's budding spirituality blossomed into a wonderful bloom and he soon became established in the heights of Advaita Vedanta -Nirvikalpa Samadhi.

Many youth began visiting Sri Ramakrishna at Dakshineshwar. Some were inspired by reading about Sri Ramakrishna's teachings which were slowly being published by organs of the Brahmo Samaj and other private devotees. Of these youth, some were recognised by Sri Ramakrishna as part of his 'Inner Circle' as he used to say. He assumed the attitude of a Guru and began giving them instructions in spiritual life, encouraging their latent spiritual lives. He banded the bunch of youngsters into a tight group under the leadership of Naren. On his deathbed, Sri Ramakrishna instructed Naren to look after them and he had also instructed them individually and in groups to look up to Naren for inspiration.

Sri Ramakrishna left his mortal body on August 16, 1886, leaving behind a small group of youth who had no place to go. Slowly things looked up and under the leadership of Naren and under the loving motherly eyes of the Holy Mother, Sri Sarada Devi, this group gradually grew in strength. When they were together, the love of Sri Ramakrishna was their common thread and thus was formed the Baranagore Math, the first monastery. This was later shifted to the Alambazar Math. The disciples, stricken with a resolve to realize God, began wandering all over the country as was expected of itinerant monks. Naren himself, who had now assumed monastic vows with the name Swami Vivekananda, also began wandering all over the country.

Wandering from the east, he reached the Himalayas, then went on towards the north, then to Rajputana, Gujarat and wended his way to the South of India. On Christmas Eve, 1892, he was found seated meditating on the southern-most point of India, at Kanya-Kumari. He had wandered all over India, faced all types of people and situations. He had been at the door-steps of the grinding poverty of the poor as well as the lavish royalty of kings. His heart ached for the many poor of the nation, whose lives were being crushed due to poverty and illiteracy. The wide social chasm in Hindu caste society disgusted him and he was deeply anguished to see the pathetic conditions of the poor people. Sitting on the rock, meditating for three days, he arrived at momentous answers to his questions. He knew that religion was the backbone of India and this is what has to be the bed-rock of modern India. By religion, he understood that it meant not the Brahminical customs of the day, but the eternal Vedantic truths found in the ancient scriptures of India, the Vedas. Only by looking up every being as a part of the One, beyond the confines of race, creed, colour or caste, could true character be moulded. And who else, but the hundreds of wandering monks, perennial guests of society, to preach this great Vedantic truths. Thus he recognised the need for an organization of monks who would dedicate their lives to the uplift of society and by doing so with such personal self-sacrifice, would themselves rise to be spiritual giants. But who would listen to him, a simple wandering monk? He had already heard of a great session of world religious leaders who would be participating in the 'World Congress of Religions' to be held in Chicago in faraway USA. Many of the Swami's well-wishers had also urged him on to take part in the same. With the nod of the Holy Mother, Swamiji decided to participate in the same.

Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the Parliament of Religions on September 11th, 1893 and this day could be said to be day when the West was connected to the East. Since Swamiji's time, innumerable spiritual Gurus and organizations have spread all over the US and continue to do so even today. Yoga, Zen, Meditation, Eastern studies, Ayurveda etc. have found sincere and devout following all over the world thanks to this advent of Swamiji. Swamiji, of course, blazed through the US church scene with his brilliant discourses. His talks were crowded and people had to be turned away at times. Swamiji next visited England and other European nations and had talks with renowned intellectuals of that time like Max Mueller and Paul Duessen etc. He arrived in India to a hero's welcome.

If a nation woke up to receive someone, it can be said that India has never before and never after received anyone with the immense sense of gratitude and respect that was accorded to Swami Vivekananda on his return from the West. On his part, Swami Vivekananda delivered a series of lectures, now published as 'Lectures from Colombo to Almora', in which he poured out his ideas to enthusiastic crowds. Youth were roused to the ideas of character-building and social-service. Swamiji's concept of service of the poor considering them as Daridra Narayana, fired a section of youth in Benares and they formed a 'Home of Service' which is even now functioning as the famous Sri Ramakrishna Vivekananda Mission Home of Service (Sevashrama).

The Ramakrishna Mission came into existence in 1897 and Swamiji created the formal rules and regulations of the new organization. A big plot of land was purchased in the village of Belur, on the banks of the Ganga (Hoogly) and on this he planned the construction of a huge temple dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna. He wished that this would be the epicentre of all the activities of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, from which India shall recover her long-forgotten ideals of renunciation and service. In 1937, under the expertise of the then President, Swami Vijnananandaji, a beautiful temple, drawing inspiration from all the major religions of the world, with a beautiful marble image of Sri Ramakrishna was established. This is the headquarters of the world-wide Ramakrishna Math and Mission.

Swamiji visited the West again for a smaller period and this time concentrated more on instructing smaller groups and laying the foundations for long-lasting centres in the West itself. Swamis Turiyananda, Abhedhananda and many others put aside their personal qualms and took up the yoke of Swami Vivekananda. Today, there are many centres all over the US, Europe and South America.

Swamiji spent the last days of his life in Belur itself, instructing and teaching the inmates of the Math, with ideals that he himself was as the role model. He left his mortal body on July 4, 1902. He was yet to touch his 40th year. On analysing Swamiji's life, his message from September 11, 1893 to his last day, a mere 9 years, has lasted more than a century, firing youth with inspiration and hope.

A beautiful temple dedicated to Swami Vivekananda is at Belur Math. His room, where he stayed for the last few months, has been kept as it was during his time.


  • My ideal, indeed, can be put into a few words, and that is: to preach unto mankind their divinity, and how to make it manifest in every movement of life.
  • Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man.
  • We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, the intellect is expanded, and by which one can stand on one’s own feet.
  • So long as the millions die in hunger and ignorance, I hold every man a traitor who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them!
  • Whatever you think, that you will be. If you think yourselves weak, weak you will be; if you think yourselves strong, strong you will be.
  • Strength is life; weakness is death.
  • Arise! Awake! and stop not till the goal is reached.
  • The older I grow, the more everything seems to me to lie in manliness. This is my new Gospel.
  • Purity, patience, and perseverance are the three essentials to success, and above all, love.
  • I only preach what is good for universal humanity.
  • Religion is realization; not talk, not doctrine, nor theories, however beautiful they may be. It is being and becoming, not hearing or acknowledging; it is the whole soul becoming changed into what it believes.

स्वामी विवेकानन्द

स्वामी विवेकानन्द का संन्यास से पूर्व का नाम नरेन्द्रनाथ दत्त था । उनका जन्म कोलकाता के एक समृद्ध परिवार में 12 जनवरी 1863 ई. को हुअ था । उनके पिता श्री विश्वनाथ दत्त एक अधिवक्ता थे । उनकी माता का नाम भुवनेश्वरी देवी था । अपने बाल्यकाल में नरेन बलिष्ठ देह, प्रखर बुद्धि एवं योगी– स्वभाव के बालक थे । उन्होंने गणित, इतिहास एवं दर्शन शास्त्र में स्नातक होने के पश्चात विधिशास्त्र का अध्ययन किया । 18 वर्ष की आयु में महाविद्यालय में अध्ययन करते समय वे श्रीरामकृष्ण से मिले ।

अपने गुरु के प्रेमपूर्ण मार्गदर्शन में वे अध्यात्म राज्य के गूढ़ तत्त्वों से अवगत हुए । श्री रामकृष्ण की महासमाधि के उपरान्त स्वामी विवेकानन्द के नेतृत्व में उनके चौदह युवा शिष्यों ने संन्यिसयों का एक संघ बनाया (दो शिष्य बाद में आये), जिसे रामकृष्ण मठ (संघ) के नाम से जाना गया । (उन सोलह संन्यासी शिष्यों के नाम हैं – विवेकानन्द, ब्रह्मानन्द, योगानन्द, प्रेमानन्द, निरंजनानन्द, शिवानन्द, सारदानन्द, रामकृष्णानन्द, अभेदानन्द, अद्भुतानन्द, तुरीयानन्द, अव्दैतानन्द, त्रिगुणातीतानन्द, सुबोधानन्द, अखण्डानन्द एवं विज्ञानानन्द।) रामकृष्ण संघ का प्रथम मठ कोलकाता के वराहनगर के एक जीर्ण-शीर्ण भवन में आरम्भ हुआ ।

दो वर्षों तक मठ में रहने के पश्चात स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने कुछ वर्ष एक परिव्राजक संन्यासी के रूप में सम्पूर्ण भारत का भ्रमण किया । इन यात्राओं में असंख्य दीन-हीन भारतीयों की भयानक दरिद्रता एवं पिछड़ेपन को देखकर वे अत्यन्त दुःखी हुए, किन्तु साथ ही उन्होंने यह भी देखा कि दरिद्रता के उपरान्त भी लोगों में धर्म के प्रति प्रेम और आस्था है तथा उनके जीवन में प्राचीन आध्यात्मिक संस्कृति प्राणदायी शक्ति के रूप में विद्यमान है । जिस समय समाज सुधारक विधवा-विवाह तथा मूर्ति-पूजा उन्मूलन में व्यस्त थे, उस समय स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने यह अनुभव कर लिया था कि भारत के लिए धन-धान्य उत्पन्न करने वाले सामान्य जनता के पिछड़ेपन का मूल कारण उनकी उपेक्षा एवं उच्च वर्ग के स्वार्थ के लिए उनका शोषण किया जाना है । उनकी आर्थिक स्थिति सुधारने के लिए यह आवश्यक है कि उन्हें कृषि के उन्नत तरीकों, ग्रामोद्योगों एवं जीवन में स्वच्छता के विषय में सिखाया जाये । परन्तु सदियों के शोषण एवं सामाजिक अत्याचार से निर्धन जनता, विशेषकर जो निम्न जातियों से थे, अपनी योग्यता, आशा एवं स्वतः प्रेरणा की चेतना खो बैठे थे । इसलिए जनता को शक्ति का संदेश देने की आवश्यकता थी, जिससे उनके मन में विश्वास बिठाया जा सके । स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने वेदान्त में यह सन्देश पाया । इसी प्रकार स्वामीजी ने देखा कि जनता को ऊपर उठाने के लिए यह आवश्यक है कि उनमें लौकिक एवं आध्यत्मिक शिक्षा का प्रसार किया जाये । इसके लिए आवश्यकता थी एक ऐसे संगठन की जो सर्वोत्त्म विचारों को सबसे दरिद्र एवं दीन-हीन के द्वार तक पहुँचा सके ।

भारत भ्रमण के समय स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने शिकागो की विश्व धर्म-महासभा के आयोजन की योजना के सम्बन्ध में सुना । उन्होंने अनुभव किया कि अपने गुरु के सन्देशों को विश्व में प्रस्तुत करने के लिए धर्म-महासभा उचित मंच सिद्ध होगा । अतः उन्होंने अमेरिका जाने का निर्णय लिया । स्वामी विवेकानन्द का अमेरिका जाने के लिए प्रेरित होने का दूसरा कारण था – सामान्य लोगों के जीवन-स्तर को ऊपर उठाने की अपनी योजना में आर्थिक सहायता प्राप्त करना । सितम्बर 1893 में शिकागो की विश्व धर्म-महासभा में उनके भाषणों ने उन्हें विश्व-प्रसिद्ध बना दिया । पश्चिम में स्वामी जी ने पाया कि वहाँ के लोगों ने अपनी सामाजिक एवं आर्थिक समस्याओं का बहुत कुछ समाधान कर लिया है, और वे परम सत्य तथा सार्थक जीवन की खोज कर रहे हैं । स्वामीजी विश्वास करते थे कि वेदान्त उनकी उच्च आवश्यकताओं को पूर्ण कर सकता है ।

स्वामी विवेकानन्द पश्चिम में प्रायः साढ़े तीन वर्षों तक वेदान्त का प्रचार-प्रसार करने के बाद जनवरी 1897 में भारत लौटे । सर्वत्र प्राप्त उत्साहपूर्ण स्वागत के उत्तर में स्वामीजी ने भारत के विभिन्न भागों में अनेक व्याख्यान दिये । इन व्याख्यानों के द्वारा स्वामीजी ने निम्न प्रयास किये ।

  • लोगों में धार्मिक चेतना का उत्थान तथा उनमें अपनी सांस्कृतिक विरासत के प्रति गौरव उत्पन्न करना ।
  • समानता के आधार पर हिन्दुत्व का एकीकरण ।
  • पददलित साधारण जनता की दुर्दशा की ओर शिक्षित लोगों का ध्यान केन्द्रित करना तथा व्यावहिरक जीवन में वेदान्त को अपनाकर उनकी उन्नति करने सम्बन्धी अपनी योजना का प्रतिपादन करना ।

स्वामीजी ने 1 मई 1897 को कोलकाता में श्रीरामकृष्ण के शिष्यों एवं भक्तों की एक सभा आयोजित की तथा रामकृष्ण मिशन नामक एक नयी आध्यात्मिक संस्था का शुभारम्भ किया । वे इसे एक ऐसी अव्दितीय संस्था बनाना चाहते थे, जिसमें संन्यासियों एवं गृहस्थ लोगों की सहायता से निर्धनों तथा दीन-दुःखियों को शैक्षिणक, चिकित्सकीय और अन्य प्रकार की सामाजिक सेवा प्रदान की जाय ।

स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने श्रीरामकृष्ण द्वारा आचरित एवं उपदेशित वेदान्त के जीवनदायी सिद्धान्तों की शिक्षा एवं व्यावहरिक प्रयोग के लिए संस्था को गति प्रदान करने के पश्चात 4 जुलाई 1902 ई. को, 39 वर्ष 6 माह की आयु में इस मर्त्य लोक से विदा ली ।

For more information, visit: http://www.belurmath.org/swamivivekananda.htm